Catechism Questions and Answers.
Question 21: How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?
Answer: Christ, the son of God, became man by taking to himself a true body (1) and a reasonable soul (2, 3), being conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit in the Virgin Mary, and born of her (4) yet without sin (5).
(1) Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; Hebrews 2:14
(2) Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. Mattew 26:38
(3) For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin. Hebrews 4:15
(4) And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. Luke 1:31
And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. Luke 1:35
(5) For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; Hebrews 7:26
Question 22: What offices does Christ execute as our Redeemer?
Answer: Christ as our Redeemer executes the offices of a prophet (1), of a priest (2), and of a king (3), both in his state of humiliation and exaltation.
(1) For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.
(2) As he saith also in another place, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. Hebrews 5:6:
(3) Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. Psalm 2:6
Question 23: How does Christ execute the office of a prophet?
Answer: Christ executes the office of a prophet, in revealing to us (1), by his Word (2), and Spirit (3), the will of God for our salvation.
(1) No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him. John 1:18
(2) But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name. John 20:31
(3) But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you. John 14:26
Question 24: How does Christ execute the office of a priest?
Answer: Christ executes the office of a priest, in his once offering up himself a sacrifice to satisfy divine justice (1), and to reconcile us to God (2) and in making continual intercession for us (3).
(1) So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation. Hebrews 9:28
(2) Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. Hebrews 2:17
(3) Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. Hebrews 7:25
Question 25: How does Christ execute the office of a king?
Answer: Christ executes the office of a king in subduing us to himself (1), in ruling and defending us (2, 3) and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.
(1) Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. Psalm 110:3
(2) And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
(3) For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.
1 Corinthians 15:25
Question 26: Wherein did Christ's humiliation consist? Answer: Christ's humiliation consisted in his being born,
and that in a low condition (1) made under the law (2), undergoing the miseries of this life (3), the wrath of God (4), and the cursed death of the cross (5);
in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time (6).
(1) And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn. Luke 2:7
(2) But when the fulness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, Galatians 4:4
(3) He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Isaiah:53:3
(4) And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Matthew 27:46
(5) And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. Philipians 2:8
(6) For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Matthew 12:40
Question 27: Wherein consists Christ's exaltation?
Answer: Christ's exaltation consists in his rising again from the dead on the third day (1), in ascending up into heaven, and sitting at the right hand of God the Father (2),
and in coming to judge the world at the last day (3).
(1) And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 1 Corinthians 15:4
(2) So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God. Mark 16:19
(3) Because he hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained; whereof he hath given assurance unto all men, in that he hath raised him from the dead. Acts 17:31:
Question 28: How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?
Answer: We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us (1) by his Holy Spirit (2).
(1) But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: John 1:12
(2) Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
Question 29: How does the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?
Answer: The Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us (1) and by it uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling(2).
(1) For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Ephesians 2:8
(2) That Christ may dwell in your hearts by faith; that ye, being rooted and grounded in love, Ephesians 3:17
Question 30: What is effectual calling?
Answer: Effectual calling is the work of God's Spirit (1) whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery (2), enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ (3),
and renewing our wills (4), he does persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ freely offered to us in the gospel (5).
(1) Who hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus before the world began, 2 Timothy 1:9
(2) Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do? Acts:2:37
(3) To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me. Acts:26:18
(4) A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh. Ezekiel 36:26
(5) No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.
It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. John 6:45
Question 31: What benefits do they who are effectually called, partake of in this life?
Answer: They who are effectually called, do in this life partake of justification, (1), adoption (2), sanctification, and the various benefits which in this life do either accompany, or flow from them (3).
(1) Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. Romans 8:30
(2) Having predestinated us unto the adoption of children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, Ephesians 1:5
(3) But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: 1 Corinthians 1:30
Question 32: What is justification?
Answer: Justification is an act of God's free grace, wherein he pardons all our sins (1, 2), and accepts us as righteous in his sight (3)
only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us (4), and received by faith alone (5, 6).
(1) Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Romans 3:24
(2) In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace; Ephesians 1:7
(3) For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him. 2 Corinthians 5:21
(4) For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. Romans 5:19
(5) Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ,
and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified. Galatians 2:16
(6) And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith: Philippians 3:9
Question 33: What is adoption?
Answer: Adoption is an act of God's free grace (1) whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God (2, 3).
(1) Behold, what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the sons of God: therefore the world knoweth us not, because it knew him not. 1 John 3:1
(2) But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: John 1:12
(3) And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together. Romans 8:17
Question 34: What is sanctification?
Answer: Sanctification is the work of God's Spirit (1) whereby we are renewed in the whole man after the image
of God (2) and are enabled more and more to die to sin, and live to righteousness (3).
(1) But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: 2 Thessalonians 2:13
(2) And that ye put on the new man, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness. Ephesians 4:24
(3) Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord. Romans 6:11
Question 35: What are the benefits which in this life do either accompany or flow from justification, adoption,
Answer: The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification (1), are assurance of God's
love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Spirit (2), increase of grace, perseverance in it to the end
(3, 4, 5).
(1) Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. Romans 5:1, 2
And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us. Romans 5:5
(2) For the kingdom of God is not meat and drink; but righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. Romans 14:17
(3) But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day. Proverbs 4:18
(4) These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God. 1 John 5:13
(5) Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. 1 Peter 1:5
Question 36: What benefits do believers receive from Christ at their death?
Answer: The souls of believers are at their death made perfect in holiness (1) and do immediately pass into
glory (2,3,4), and their bodies, being still united to Christ (5) do rest in their
graves (6) till the resurrection (7).
(1) To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect, Hebrews 12:23
(2) For I am in a strait betwixt two, having a desire to depart, and to be with Christ; which is far better: Philippians 1:23
(3) We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord. 2 Corinthians 5:8
(4) And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise. Luke 23:43
(5) For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 1 Thessalonians 4:14
(6) He shall enter into peace: they shall rest in their beds, each one walking in his uprightness. Isaiah 57:2
(7) And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: Job 19:26
Question 37: What benefits do believers receive from Christ at the resurrection?
Answer: At the resurrection, believers being raised up in glory (1), shall be openly acknowledged and acquitted in the day of judgment (2),
and made perfectly blessed both in soul and body in the full enjoying of God (3) to all eternity (4).
(1) It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: 1 Corinthians 15:43
(2) Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. Matthew 10:32
(3) Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it doth not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him; for we shall see him as he is. 1 John 3:2
(4) Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. 1 Thessalonians 4:17
Question 38: What shall be done to the wicked at their death?
Answer: The souls of the wicked shall at their death be cast into the torments of hell (1), and their bodies
lie in their graves till the resurrection and judgment of the great day (2).
(1) And it came to pass, that the beggar died, and was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom: the rich man also died, and was buried;
And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
And he cried and said, Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue; for I am tormented in this flame. (2) Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling. Psalms 49:14
Question 39: What shall be done to the wicked at the day of judgment?
Answer: At the day of judgment the bodies of the wicked being raised out of their graves, shall be sentenced, together with their souls, to unspeakable torments with the devil and his angels for ever (1,2,3,4).
(1) And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. Daniel 12:2
(2) Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation. John 5:28, 29
(3) Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
(4) Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels: Matthew 25:41
Question 40: What did God reveal to man for the rule of his obedience?
Answer: The rule which God first revealed to man for his obedience is the moral law (1,2) which is summarised in the ten commandments.
(1) And he wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which the LORD spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly: and the LORD gave them unto me. Deuteronomy 10:4
(2) And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. Matthew 19:17
This page was last modified on updated on March 2019.